7. Data integrity and security
7.01 What could go wrong?
Sources of data errors include:
- Bad data – automated integrity checking would help to prevent this.
- Poor application logic – this can me mitigated with normalisation.
- Failed database operations – usually the biggest problem; easy to handle for atomic operations but very hard otherwise. Database snapshots and transactional
database can help; saving a state so it can be rolled back to that state if there was a problem later.
- Malicious user activity – helped by control of user privileges.
7.02 How do we reduce risk of error?
- We could specify the PRIMARY or a UNIQUE KEY and in doing so, we can ensure that every row was identifiable and unique, and that way we could avoid errors, and the inconsistencies that could arise from the same data occurring in multiple different rows.
- We can specify a FOREIGN KEY which allows us to make sure that a reference is maintainable. So if something changes or if we tried to make a change, that would affect multiple tables, thanks to a join.
- We can also specify very straightforward simple validation constraints. That if the data that’s put in doesn’t match a pattern that we would expect it to obey to be suitable, we can reject it at that point of entry.
These checks won’t check for the truth of data – they just check its validity.
Data normalisation is another way to prevent errors taking place.
Tuesday 9 November 2021, 163 views
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Databases and Advanced Data Techniques index
- 26. A very good guide to linked data
- 25. Information Retrieval
- 24. Triplestores and SPARQL
- 23. Ontologies – RDF Schema and OWL
- 22. RDF – Remote Description Framework
- 21. Linked Data – an introduction
- 20. Transforming XML databases
- 19. Semantic databases
- 18. Document databases and MongoDB
- 17. Key/Value databases and MapReduce
- 16. Distributed databases and alternative database models
- 15. Query efficiency and denormalisation
- 14. Connecting to SQL in other JS and PHP
- 13. Grouping data in SQL
- 12. SQL refresher
- 11. Malice and accidental damage
- 10. ACID: Guaranteeing a DBMS against errors
- 9. Normalization example
- 8. Database normalization
- 7. Data integrity and security
- 6. Database integrity
- 5. Joins in SQL
- 4. Introduction to SQL
- 3. Relational Databases
- 2. What shape is your data?
- 1. Sources of data
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